As Terdon pointed out, the closest thing to what you're thinking of is a bounty. However, as pointed out, this can only be awarded to an answer, not the question or the person who submitted the question. Let's discuss a bit more as to why.
First off, AskUbuntu (actually, StackExchange in general) is a Question and Answer site. You ask questions, you get answers from the community. Simple.
Now say you get a really good answer and want to reward it more than the normal +10. This is where the bounty kicks in, allowing you to give anywhere from 50 to 500 of your reputation to any given answer. Or, if you didn't get enough attention on your question, and posting it to chat didn't work, you can attach a bounty to drag attention to your post. Either way, the net result is to encourage answers to questions and to help others in the future.
We're not in this to encourage people to ask questions. Questions don't really help people alone. They become valuable once an answer is attached, and therefore we want to encourage answers. Hence, the bounty. Encouraging people to ask questions won't really help much, because they're going to do that anyways. And, if they want effective and to-the-point questions, they'd already be writing good questions!
Furthermore, bounties encourage some competition. It attracts a huge audience to the question, bringing everyone's experience front-and-center for the coveted +100 reputation on some random question that flew under the radar. Having a similar bounty mechanic on a question wouldn't work because, well, I'll let a SE employee explain:
If you're awarding the bounty to a question, there is no competition. It's not possible for someone to "ask another question" that competes with that one in order to gain the bounty (nor would that be helpful to the community).
So, where does this leave us? I'll let our friendly SE employee wind up this post:
Ultimately, questions just aren't worthy of bounties. They're questions. They don't provide any factual information that would help others in the future. They're merely details to help others answer the question and a path for other users to find those provided answers, which are actually what helps them. This not-as-importance is already expressed by the half-gain of reputation on questions.
Sourced from here, by animuson over on Meta.SE.