I gotta say, I never really considered it from that perspective. I mean, when you think about it, the whole "red and green as bad/good indicators" kinda doesn't make sense in that light in general. Buuuut ... I fully agree. That is likely to cause problems. And just changing the colours would probably create the same problem for the next set of colour-blind people.
Slightly enhanced suggestion
I doubt just changing the colours would be sufficient overall. Perhaps we could turn it from full-circle for unanswered to a thick border - to give a straight-forward visual feedback that is entirely independent from the colours?